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A Survey on the Transfer of Rural Land Use Rights in China
2015/9/22 18:19:27

The two-tiered system of unified management combined with independent farming, based on household contract responsibility system, is the basic management system in China's rural areas, as well as the cornerstone of the Party's rural policy. This system is in line with China's national conditions, the features of China's agricultural production and the demands of the Chinese farmers. Therefore, we must stick to this basic management system and keep improving it. The consolidation and improvement of the basic management system in rural China are related with three major theoretical and policy issues.

First, how to look at rural household management mode. Household management, with its superior compatibility, serves as the most fundamental mode of management in agricultural sector. It not only accommodates to hand-labor-based traditional farming, but also goes well with modern farming equipped with scientific and technological methods as well as advanced means of production. The practice that massive acreage of rural lands are leased out to industrial and commercial businesses for farming goes against the basic national conditions of a large population with limited land resources, and turning corporate entities into major players in agriculture and transforming farmers into agricultural workers are by no means the purpose of the reform for agricultural management system. Second, how to evaluate the two-tiered management system. Since reform and opening up, with further division of labor in rural areas, agricultural production, management and services have already gone beyond the previous collective farming. However, generally speaking, the unified management and service system of agriculture in China still fall short of the requirements of modern agriculture. Third, how to refine rural land system. At present, the institutional guarantee for farmers' rights and interests is still inappropriate such as imperfect land contract rights, insufficiency in basic rules and regulations concerning the rights and interests of farmers' homestead, an excessively wide scope for land requisition and low compensation for farmers with requisitioned lands.

This book draws a thorough conclusion on the progress and problems of the transfer of rural land-use rights in China, offers measures for improvement on relevant policies and sums up the history and international experience of the transfer of rural land-use rights. Based on case studies and field surveys, the author touches upon a series of major issues concerning the transfer of rural land-use rights in present China. The book consists of three parts. Part One gives an introduction to the transfer of land-use rights in China, including the current situation, problems and relevant international experience. Part Two covers some case analysis in terms of market condition, farmer's position, scale of management, management system and transfer price based on surveys conducted in provinces and municipalities such as Zhejiang, Chengdu, Heihe and Suzhou as well as home visits on rural households. Part Three is composed of three sections, namely, statistic analysis of questionnaires on farmers involved in the transfer of rural land-use rights, statistic analysis of village-based surveys and statistic analysis of questionnaires on land-renting by businesses.

 

 

Step Up the Two-Way Integration of Green Industry with "Internet Plus"

 

The two-way integration of green industry with "Internet Plus" overlaps one another and exerts multiplying effects. They demand support of revolution in production modes and consumption patterns. In terms of contributions to green industry, some integration effects are direct, such as technological progress and enhanced competitiveness of the green industry, while some are indirect, such as integration of traditional industries with "Internet Plus".

The integration of the green industry with "Internet Plus" will bring about innovation in development modes, technological progress, and revolution in thinking mode, thus contributing to the enhancement of the competitiveness of green industry. In recent years, China’s energy-saving and environment-friendly industry has developed to a higher level, more attention has been paid to chain-industry management, effects of system optimization have become more prominent, the development model of industrial integration is taking initial shape, and space for development is quite broad.

Extended integration of traditional industries with "Internet Plus" calls for institutional innovation. The government should take relevant steps in the following aspects: 1. Efforts should be made to clarify objectives and goals and foster the transition of traditional industries toward a green and low carbon pattern. The integration of traditional industries with "Internet Plus" not only needs green manufacturing but also green production and consumption. 2. Measures should be taken to address information asymmetry, speed up the integration of transportation and logistics with "Internet Plus", and promote the shift from high cost, high stock, low efficiency and information asymmetry to quickened information disclosure and exchange so as to achieve the integration of trade, logistics, capital and information. 3. Enterprise vitality should be stimulated and problems should be solved including uncoordinated policy implementation among government departments, the devolution of powers in an asynchronous manner, and redundant prerequisites before approval.

 

Overall Approach on Agricultural Price Support Policy during the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan Period (No 147, 2015) 

It is vitally important for transforming the mode of agricultural development, optimizing the structure of production and improving the efficiency of resource allocation through further advancing reform of agricultural price support policy, enhancing the flexibility and effectiveness of price support policy and bringing into full play the role of price signals. Efforts should be made to determine the focus of agricultural price support policy, the adjustment of agricultural price support policy and the intensity of supportive measures respectively from the perspective of national food security strategy, the performance of price difference between domestic and overseas products as well as the subsidy environment of “amber box”. Taking into account such factors as the actual effects of China’s agricultural price support policy in the last 10 years, the practical experience of the agricultural support policy of developed countries in similar development stages, the basic direction of agricultural development and the environment of agricultural support policy, the government should adopt an overall approach and provide subsidy for agricultural materials in an appropriate manner and according to different agricultural products. The central government and local governments should take targeted measures and share relevant responsibilities in providing subsidies to farmers step by step in order to reconstruct the framework for agricultural price support policy during the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan period.

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